Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
The patella (knee cap) is a protective bone attached to the quadriceps muscles of the thigh by the quadriceps tendon. The patella attaches with the femur bone and forms the patellofemoral joint. The patella is protected by a ligament called the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) which secures the kneecap and prevents it from gliding out of alignment.
The patella (knee cap) articulates with the lower end of the femur (thigh bone) at the patellofemoral joint. It rests on a groove on the femur called the trochlear groove, which holds it in position while allowing it to glide smoothly during knee movements.
Medial patello-femoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is the most commonly used Patellofemoral stabilization procedure. Medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction is a surgical procedure indicated in patients with more severe patellar instability.